TSF JB Policies

About TSF Journal of Biology

TSF Journal of Biology, published by TSF Nexus, is dedicated to promoting research and advancing knowledge in the field of biology. Our journal publishes two issues per year, providing a platform for researchers, authors, and reviewers to contribute to the advancement of biological sciences.

Key Features:

  1. TSF Journal of Biology follows an open-access policy, ensuring that all published content is freely available to readers worldwide, fostering greater dissemination of research findings.
  2. Our journal covers a wide range of topics within the biological sciences, including but not limited to genetics, ecology, microbiology, biochemistry, and evolutionary biology.
  3. Authors retain complete ownership and copyright of their published work, allowing them to share and distribute their research findings as they see fit.
  4. TSF Journal of Biology is published under the auspices of TSF Nexus, an organization dedicated to promoting research and scientific inquiry across various disciplines.
  5. We are proud to be included in the LOCKSS archival systems, ensuring the long-term preservation of our content for future generations.

 

Scope of the Journal

The TSF Journal of Biology has a broad scope, covering various subjects in the field of biology. Its main goal is to offer a complete platform for academics, scholars, and practitioners to exchange their most recent discoveries and perspectives. The scope of our publication encompasses a wide range of disciplines, such as Molecular Biology, Genetics, Cellular Biology, Ecology, Microbiology, Evolutionary Biology, Botany, Zoology, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, Biochemistry and other related fields. We invite submissions of original research papers, reviews, viewpoints, and short messages that enhance the progress of knowledge and comprehension in all fields of biology. Our organization is dedicated to fostering collaboration and innovation across many disciplines. We focus on exploring new trends, technologies, and approaches in biological research to tackle important challenges and seize opportunities in the current scientific field.

Aims and Objectives of the Journal

  1. The purpose of this platform is to provide a venue for researchers to publish authentic and excellent research papers, reviews, and commentaries, letters in the subject of biology.
  2. The objective is to promote cooperation and the sharing of knowledge between researchers, scholars, and practitioners in different specialized areas of biology.
  3. The purpose is to encourage multidisciplinary research and stimulate novel methods for tackling intricate biological problems.
  4. To provide a meaningful contribution to the progress of scientific knowledge and comprehension in the field of biology, with the ultimate objective of tackling worldwide challenges pertaining to health, environment, and sustainability.
  5. The purpose is to establish a platform for the discussion of new and developing patterns, technologies, and approaches in the field of biological research, as well as their societal ramifications.

Open Access Statement

The TSF Journal of Biology follows an Open Access model, which ensures that papers published in the journal are accessible to readers without any limitations or restrictions. Researchers are allowed to print publications that are published online, but organizations or publishers are expressly forbidden from publishing the entire copies. Open access enables the easy availability of research findings to academics, educators, policymakers, and the public, regardless of their location or institutional affiliation.

Originality and Ethical Standards

TSF Journal of Biology prioritizes research integrity and places significant importance on the originality of all submitted papers. Authors must submit their own unique work, guaranteeing that it has not been published elsewhere or simultaneously submitted for publication. It is strongly recommended to provide proper credit and provide references for any previous work that has influenced the research. Instances of plagiarism or insufficient citation will be taken severely and might result in the rejection of the work. In order to maintain originality, TSF Journal of Biology utilizes sophisticated techniques, such as Turnitin, as a component of its thorough assessment procedure.

TSF Journal of Biology follows the principles outlined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), which emphasize the importance of originality in research for credibility and value. Our devotion to upholding the integrity of academic publication is demonstrated by our adherence to ethical research methods, as directed by COPE's best practices. The primary objective of the TSF Journal of Biology is to cultivate a research atmosphere that places a high value on originality, hence promoting the progress of academic knowledge and the broader scientific community.

TSF Journal of Biology Author Contributions Policy

The purpose of this policy is to establish clear guidelines for determining authorship, in order to ensure appropriate recognition of those who make substantial contributions to a research paper that is approved for publication in the TSF Journal of Biology. Authorship should be based on significant contributions to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research project. Authors are advised to delineate their individual responsibilities and contributions using the CRediT method, so fostering openness and ensuring responsibility. In order to maintain explicit and easily understandable guidelines for authorship, all writers must fulfill the following criteria:

  1. Significant contributions to the conceptualization, design, implementation, or interpretation of the project.
  2. Composing or thoroughly reviewing the essay for its intellectual substance.
  3. The ultimate authorization of the version that will be made available to the public.
  4. Commitment to assume responsibility for all parts of the job to guarantee accuracy and honesty.

The order of authorship should reflect the relative contributions of the contributors to the research paper, with the primary author, who made the most significant contribution, named first. The list of co-authors should be arranged in descending order according to their respective contributions. The selected corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the journal and readers, should be clearly recognized.

If there is a situation where there is a conflict of interest over who should be listed as an author, the Editor-in-Chief of the journal or a designated Senior Editor will help to arrange conversations amongst the people concerned. Decisions about authorship shall be determined by evaluating the extent to which the criteria specified in this policy are followed, therefore guaranteeing a just evaluation of contributions and seeking input from relevant experts as necessary.
Written approval from all authors is necessary for any changes to authorship, such as additions, deletions, or rearrangements, made after the submission of the work. Any modifications should be quickly sent to the editorial team of the journal, along with a detailed justification. If any essential changes are required, they will be reported to the editorial team after the peer review process but before publication.

Acknowledgment

In the Acknowledgments section, authors may wish to include the names and contributions of those whose involvement in a study did not qualify them for authorship (because of the journal policy) but have contributed to the article in some way.

Contributors

"Ghost" and/or "Guest" author phenomenon has been common in the traditional listing of research papers. This has been raising inappropriate authorship practice in which some individuals did not have an actual input in the experiment. For this, the journal highly recommends that only authors who have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript shall be listed individually in the submitted manuscript (including students and lab technicians).

Duplicate Submission

Articles that are found to have been published elsewhere, or are under consideration for publishing elsewhere, will be considered as "duplicated" material. In case the author(s) have used their own previously published work (or work that is currently under review), they are asked to cite the previous work and indicate how their submitted manuscript offers novel contributions and adds value differently

TSF Journal of Biology Affiliation Policy

This policy outlines guidelines for affiliations in manuscripts submitted to TSF Journal of Biology, ensuring clarity and accuracy in the representation of authors’ institutional affiliations. Also to maintain transparency and accuracy in representing authors’ affiliations, facilitating effective communication within the academic community and ensuring that the published work reflects the contributors’ current institutional associations appropriately.

  1. Comprehensive Affiliation Listing: Corresponding authors are responsible for ensuring that all authors provide a comprehensive list of pertinent affiliations related to their research work.
  2. Changes in Affiliation: If an author transfers from their current affiliated institution to another, they may update their affiliation before the manuscript’s publication. However, once the publishing process is initiated, affiliations will remain unchanged.
  3. Order of Multiple Affiliations: Authors with multiple affiliations should indicate the order of their affiliations as primary, secondary, or tertiary institutions. However, the total number of affiliations at a time should not exceed ten.
  4. Independent Researchers: Independent researchers should explicitly mention their independent status as part of their affiliation details.

TSF Journal of Biology Citation Guidelines

The TSF Journal of Biology strictly follows the extensive citation criteria established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) to ensure ethical standards are upheld. These standards guarantee precise, moral, and open citation procedures among authors:

  1. Authors are required to give accurate and thorough citations for all sources mentioned in their study. Ensure that all necessary details are provided, including the names of the authors, titles of the articles, names of the journals, publication years, volume numbers, and page numbers.
    When citing online sources, it is important to use reliable identifiers such as DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) or URLs.
  2. Properly referencing prior research:
    Recognize previous research endeavors that have had a substantial impact on or made valuable contributions to the present study.
    • Accurately acknowledge and reference both published and unpublished materials, with the necessary authorization, to showcase their influence on the research.
  3. To avoid plagiarism, authors must correctly attribute ideas, facts, and words to their original sources.
    Indicate the exact source of the original material by using quote marks and providing accurate initial source information.
  4. Transparent Self-Citation:
  • Authors should refrain from excessive or improper self-citation, only using it when essential for providing context or acknowledging earlier relevant work.
  • Self-citations must meet the same criteria of accuracy and completeness as citations to works by other authors.
  1. Rectifying and Withdrawing Citations:
  • If there are any inaccuracies or exclusions in published publications, writers shall quickly offer revisions or retractions.
  • Corrections should clearly and openly convey any modifications made to the original publication.
  1. Verifying Citations:
  • Authors should verify references to guarantee correctness and dependability.
    • Adhere to the prescribed citation styles (APA, AMA, IEEE, or Chicago style) as per the journal's guidelines.
  1. Referencing Trustworthy Sources:
    Utilize peer-reviewed, reputable, and reliable sources such as scholarly journals, books, and conference proceedings.
  2. Complying with Copyright Guidelines:
  • Observe copyright restrictions and get permission to reproduce copyrighted items where required.

Authors maintain the copyright of their work and provide TSF Journal of Biology permission to publish it under a specific license. Accurate credit and citation are essential for upholding authors' rights and ensuring the authenticity of academic communication.

TSF Journal of Biology Conflict of Interest/Competing Interest Policy

It is of utmost importance to guarantee openness, honesty, and impartiality in the publication process. The TSF Journal of Biology is dedicated to maintaining fairness, openness, and the highest ethical standards in scientific publication. We are devoted to properly addressing conflicts of interest.

The subsequent policy delineates the protocols for revealing and handling possible or existing conflicts of interest at TSF Journal of Biology:

  1. Scope and Purpose:
  • This policy is applicable to all individuals engaged in editorial responsibilities, encompassing editors, members of the editorial board, reviewers, authors, and staff affiliated with TSF Journal of Biology.
  • The aim is to ensure that any potential or existing conflict of interest is revealed and effectively handled to maintain objectivity, integrity, and impartial decision-making.
  1. Areas of Disclosure:
  • All individuals participating in the publication process (including authors, reviewers, and the editorial staff) are required to report any possible or existing conflicts in different domains:
  • Financial links encompass several aspects such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, and financing sources.
  • Personal relationships (such as family or other personal connections) with writers, reviewers, or editors.
  • Potential institutional affiliations or prejudices that might impact one's assessment.
  • Intellectual or professional conflicts that might affect impartiality.
  1. Conflicts within the Editorial Board:
  • Members of the advisory board and guest editors are required to identify any possible conflicts that may arise in relation to their duties.
    Conflicts might result in being excluded from participating in decisions about pertinent manuscripts.
  1. The process of disclosure:
  • Authors, reviewers, editors, and members of the editorial board are obligated to reveal any conflicts of interest. Manuscripts and disclosure statements have certain components that guarantee transparency.
  1. Dealing with Conflict of Interest:
  • Conflicts are taken into account when making editorial decisions.
  • Strategies to address conflicts include refusing tasks, assigning alternate tasks, or obtaining other viewpoints.
  • Transparency is upheld by explicitly stating conflicts of interest in published papers or on the journal's website.
  • Confidentiality is rigorously preserved among the editorial staff.
  1. Ongoing Surveillance and Enhancement:

The policy is regularly reviewed to ensure it is in line with the most effective methods used in the industry.

TSF Journal of Biology Author Appeals and Complaints Policy

At TSF Journal of Biology, we understand the significance of resolving authors' concerns regarding editorial choices or publication procedures. This policy provides a detailed explanation of the process that writers must follow if they want to challenge a decision or file a complaint.


The scope and grounds for appeal apply to all authors who submit their work to the TSF Journal of Biology.
Authors have the option to challenge decisions made on the grounds of insufficient peer review, unjust treatment, accusations of plagiarism, procedural mistakes, or incorrect application of journal criteria.

  1. The appeal process and complaint handling:
  • Authors are required to formally notify the editorial team within fifteen days of the decision, providing specific details of their appeal or complaint.
  • The Editor-in-Chief or a designated Editor will assess the legitimacy of the appeal and decide on the most suitable course of action. An impartial assessor will be designated to conduct a thorough reassessment and inquiry.
  • Possible outcomes may involve affirming the initial decision, invalidating the earlier evaluation, presenting a revised chance for submission, issuing an apology, or implementing other suitable measures.
  • The Editor-in-Chief's final decision is not subject to question.
  1. Continuous Improvement:
  • Appeals and complaints are treated with strict confidentiality.
  • Reviewers are chosen based on their knowledge and objectivity.
  • Personal information is handled in accordance with privacy legislation.
  • This system guarantees prompt and comprehensive resolution of problems, hence upholding the credibility of the editing process and journals.

TSF Journal of Biology Corrections, Retractions, and Withdrawals Policy

TSF Journal of Biology maintains the utmost standards of integrity and transparency. Our policy regarding corrections, retractions, and withdrawals is in accordance with the rules set by COPE and follows the best practices in scientific publishing.

  1. Policy on Corrections
  • Corrections are swiftly rectified when any errors, inaccuracies, or ambiguities are detected in published articles. Authors are advised to swiftly report any errors and corrections will explicitly specify the nature of the issue, providing accurate information for rectification.
  • Corrections, in the form of errata or corrigenda, shall be clearly and conspicuously linked to the original article to ensure that readers can easily see them.
  • Corrections will be clearly showcased on our website, and metadata modifications will be implemented to accurately reflect the corrections.
  1. The policy on retractions is as follows:
  • Retractions are implemented in cases where papers are shown to have significant flaws, fraudulent data, or ethical misbehavior.
  • Retractions are accompanied by a comprehensive explanation that clearly outlines the reasons and nature of the identified errors or wrongdoing.
  • Retracted articles are clearly identified with visible labels, prominently posted notes on the article page, and a watermark that indicates their retracted status.
  • Retracted articles are still available for transparency purposes, and a clear notice of retraction is prominently displayed.
  1. The policy regarding withdrawals is as follows:
  • Authors have the option to seek the withdrawal of their article prior to publication. Such requests will be evaluated based on legitimate reasons, such as substantial errors or unexpected circumstances.
    Withdrawal petitions are evaluated according to the stage of publication and their influence on the scholarly record.
  • Withdrawn manuscripts are unambiguously identified as withdrawn, exclusively for those having published abstracts, and notifications are prominently displayed on the journal's website.
    This policy guarantees that our publications uphold the utmost standards of truth and ethical behavior, and we are dedicated to immediately resolving any potential difficulties.

TSF Journal of Biology Research Misconduct Policy

The TSF Journal of Biology Research Misconduct Policy deals with many types of unethical research misconduct and establishes a strong framework for discussing and resolving accusations.

  1. Reporting Mechanism:

There is a confidential and easily accessible system in place for persons to report any suspected instances of research misconduct. Timely reporting is strongly encouraged, and steps are taken to safeguard whistleblowers from reprisals.

  1. Initial Evaluation:

Conducting an initial evaluation of claimed wrongdoing to determine if additional investigation is necessary. Evaluating the credibility of allegations and the accessibility of supporting proof.

  1. The inquiry process:

It involves conducting an impartial investigation to verify complaints of research misconduct. A committee of specialists in research integrity and ethical practices is formed to conduct an investigation. Confidentiality and impartiality at all stages of the investigation is must.

  1. Inquiry Findings and Outcomes:
  • Timely and open communication of inquiry findings and outcomes to appropriate parties.
    • Justifying judgments by presenting a coherent rationale supported by the evidence collected during the investigation.


In order to address instances of research misconduct, it is necessary to assess the severity and nature of the misbehavior and then determine the appropriate corrective activities and sanctions. Possible actions may involve issuing official corrections or retractions, releasing statements expressing concern, contacting pertinent institutions or funding agencies, and implementing bans on publication.

The appeals procedure involves giving accused individuals the opportunity to voice concerns or conflicts with the investigation process or findings to the Editor in chief. It is important that the appeals process is fair, transparent, and carried out by independent individuals or bodies.

TSF Journal of Biology Editors/Chief Editors Code of Conduct

Our dedication to upholding the greatest standards of editorial integrity, openness, and moral behavior in the TSF Journal of Biology is reaffirmed by this Code of Conduct.

  1. Impartiality and fairness:
  • Ensure that all submitted manuscripts are treated impartially and fairly, taking into account the backgrounds, connections, and personal conflicts of the authors.
  • Consider quality, relevance, and contribution to the field when making decisions, and base them only on merit.
  • Refrain from participating in decision-making when there are competing interests.
  1. Secrecy and Privacy:
  • Guarantee the privacy of writers and reviewers while preserving the secrecy of submissions (apart from the editorial staff and those participating in the publication process).
  1. Editorial Independence:
  • Preserve the journal's editorial integrity and independence by making sure no one or any group is interfering unduly or for profit.
  • Make decisions free from monetary, social, or political pressure and based on scholarly and scientific grounds.
  1. Transparency and Accountability:
  • Give authors and reviewers precise, understandable instructions regarding journal policies, submission procedures, and peer review processes.
  • Inform writers of decisions as soon as possible, providing helpful criticism and concise justifications for any necessary edits or rejections by the editor.
  • Respond to grievances, appeals, and queries concerning the editing process from writers and reviewers.
  1. Integrity and Ethical Standards:
  • Maintain the highest ethical standards by encouraging the proper conduct of publications and research.
  • Carefully consider and handle any ethical dilemmas, such as data fabrication, plagiarism, or conflicts of interest, adhering to the proper protocols.
  • Respond appropriately when unethical behavior is found in published papers, such as by making corrections, retractions, or applying punishments.
  1. Ongoing Professional Development:
  • Stay abreast of the most recent advancements in the field;
  • Maintain professional competence by attending pertinent workshops, conferences, and training;
  • Aim to enhance the quality and influence of the journal by actively seeking out and putting into practice best practices in scholarly publishing and editorial management.

TSF Journal of Biology Data Availability and Sharing Policy

  1. Data Availability Statement:
  • Manuscripts submitted by authors may be asked to contain a data availability statement.
  • Make it clear if the data will be publicly accessible or subject to particular limitations.
  • Indicate where data that is publicly accessible can be viewed and give an explanation for any data that is restricted.
  1. Open Data:
  • Motivate writers to adhere to FAIR guidelines when making data publicly accessible.
  • Store information in reputable and trustworthy repositories.
  • Follow data citation guidelines to ensure correct crediting.
  1. Exceptions to Data Sharing:
  • Recognize ethical or legal constraints when sharing data is forbidden.
  • Clearly state in the data availability statement why there are exceptions.
  1. Requirements for Data Access:
  • For limited data, authors were asked to submit metadata, agreements for data access, or documentation.
  • Promote thorough explanations of the procedures used for data processing, analysis, and gathering.
  1. Repeatability and Validation:
  • Encourage writers to disclose required data and code to ensure repeatability.
  • Authors to offer details on procedures for validating data and any possible drawbacks.
  1. Compliance Monitoring:
  • Verify that writers are adhering to the rules of data availability and sharing.
  • Editors and reviewers in charge of keeping an eye on conformity.

Use of Figures, Tables, and Images in Articles

a)     Compliance with Copyright rules:

  • Ensure strict adherence to copyright rules and seek proper permission for the use of copyrighted material.
  • Ensure that copyright material used in the manuscript is cited correctly.

b)    Originality and Authenticity:

  • Ensure the facts, tables, photos, and figures are presented in an original, authentic, and correct manner.
  • Provide a clear explanation and rationale for any alterations made to figures, graphics, and tables.

c)     Clarity and Appropriateness:

  • Ensure that the tables and figures included in the manuscript are directly related to the topic and content.
  • Arrange tables/figures in a sequential sequence based on their dates, and provide them with suitable titles.
  • Ensure clarity through the use of accurate labels and a well-organized display.

d)    Ensuring the Ethical Utilization of Images:

  • Secure consent from research subjects who can be identified in images.
  • Refrain from utilizing insulting, racist, or inappropriate visuals.

e)     Quality and Resolution:

  • Ensure the provision of high-quality photos that possess adequate resolution to achieve clarity.
  • Avoid using low-resolution photos that may hinder the understanding of the material.

f)     Ensure adherence to the journal's specifications and formatting criteria for consistency and proper presentation. Ensure that the formatting is constant to create a unified and visually appealing appearance.

g)    Ensure that proper permissions and citations are provided for any external pictures, tables, and figures used.

Plagiarism Policy

TSF Journal of Biology is committed to;

  • Maintain the integrity of submitted articles by ensuring they are original.
  • Comply with the plagiarism norms set by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
  • Employ plagiarism detection techniques and rigorous editorial review methods.

 

Plagiarism refers to the act of including components from someone else's work, such as a figure, table, or paragraph, without giving proper credit through acknowledgement, references, or the use of quotation marks. The author has a responsibility to acquire the requisite authorization from the copyright holder in order to reuse components of someone else's work.

Avoid the following forms of plagiarism:

Verbatim copying refers to the act of directly reproducing more than 10% or 15% (or a substantial portion) of someone else's work without giving proper credit, citing sources, or using quotation marks.

Improper paraphrase refers to the act of changing many sentences or rearranging them without giving sufficient credit to the original author. Engaging in substantial improper paraphrase (exceeding 10% of the work) without proper credit is regarded with the same level of seriousness as directly duplicating someone else's work word for word.

Self-plagiarism refers to the act of submitting material that has already been published. To prevent this, authors are obligated to sign a copyright form stating that their submitted work has not been previously published. When incorporating previously published materials into a work, such as those from a UMT publication, the author must acknowledge the prior work and explain how the new work expands on the research and findings of the earlier work. Directly reproducing the author's own work without any changes and rephrasing is not permissible, and we advise that research should only be employed to bolster fresh findings.

It is advisable for authors to reference all prior instances of their ideas being published or presented, such as conference papers, workshop presentations, and listserv conversations, that have led to the completion of their final work. This will guarantee that a comprehensive record of all communication pertaining to the task is documented.

The journal only publishes original and new work, with very few exceptions. These exceptions encompass conference papers, archival papers that are republished in special issues, and are subject to the editor's discretion. The original work is properly attributed and permission is acquired from the relevant copyright holder. Furthermore, it is the responsibility of the author to disclose any relevant information in accordance with an ethical standard statement at the conclusion of the article.

Citations - Mentions of other publications should adhere to the guidelines outlined in the AMA handbook of style. It is important to thoroughly verify all references to ensure they are complete, accurate, and consistent. It is advisable to provide the whole names and initials of all authors and to include the full title of any magazine.

The journal is committed to maintaining academic integrity and safeguarding authors' rights. Therefore, the editors treat all instances of plagiarism with utmost seriousness. The editors are cognizant of the potential ramifications of an accusation of plagiarism, which has the capacity to detrimentally affect a researcher's professional trajectory. Consequently, they have established protocols to address suspected instances of plagiarism. To ensure impartiality, they conduct a comprehensive investigation of each issue, seeking clarity from all parties involved.

This journal is an academic publication that use tools like Turnitin.com to assist in identifying instances of alleged plagiarism. When presented with an accusation of plagiarism from a third party, the editors will consistently request a response from the author(s)/contributors or copyright holder(s) prior to determining the appropriate course of action. Their decisions will be impartial and objective, unaffected by external influences.

The magazine is under no obligation to engage in discussions with third parties on specific instances of alleged plagiarism. If the complainant provides a false identity or association, or behaves inappropriately or threateningly towards the journal editors and personnel, we have the right to discontinue the case.

Preexisting publication

Publishing a manuscript or a substantial portion of it that has been previously published is generally not permissible for publishing in the journal. Nevertheless, when it comes to abstracts and posters given at conferences, it is the authors' duty to notify the editor and recognize the first publication source. Additionally, articles that have been presented at a conference but have not been published by the conference organizers may also be taken into consideration. Prior to publication, the author must verify that they have not given the conference organizers permission to use their work. If the author maintains full ownership of the work, the journal editor may consider publishing the article. This is because articles presented at conferences are typically different or significantly modified from the version accepted by the journal.

Regardless of the situation, the author must inform the editor about any previous publication or distribution and provide proper acknowledgment for the past distribution and/or publication of the content.

 

Peer Review Policy 

To maintain the academic integrity, TSF Journal of Biology;

The submitted publications undergo a 'double-blind' peer review process, ensuring that the identity of the authors and reviewers are kept confidential from each other.

In order to facilitate this process, modified versions of the text are distributed to referees while preserving the anonymity of the authors. The editor reviews submitted papers upon receipt. Manuscripts that are not within the journal's scope are promptly rejected without further review, a process commonly referred to as 'desk-rejection'. Furthermore, manuscripts that do not fulfill the basic criteria for both quality and originality are promptly rejected without being forwarded to the reviewers.

After undergoing an initial editorial review, papers are usually sent to at least two reviewers, one from the national level and one from the international level. The text is empty. If any of these individuals decline the invitation to submit a review, alternative references will be selected. Typically, the editor requires a minimum of two authoritative assessments in order to determine whether to accept, reject, or request a 'revise and resubmit' for the submitted manuscript.

 

Research Ethics Guidelines 

a)     Objective and Scope:

Our aim is to maintain the utmost integrity in conducting research and publishing results, adhering to the highest ethical standards.

b)    Guidelines for Authors' Ethical Conduct:

      • Observance of moral norms in scientific study.
      • Ensure that individuals provide their consent after being fully informed, maintain the confidentiality of their information, and handle data in a suitable manner.
      • Obtaining consent from the relevant review boards for conducting experiments involving human and animal subjects.

c)     The peer review process involves impartial and objective evaluations conducted by reviewers.

      • Providing feedback that is helpful for improvement and identifying ethical issues.

d)    Editorial Responsibilities:

      • Editors uphold ethical standards. The editorial crew is responsible for addressing claims of misbehavior.

e)     Compliance with Ethical norms:

      • The authors adhere to ethical norms, guidelines, and legislation.
      • Please include comprehensive information regarding the ethical considerations and approvals obtained for the papers.
      • To address ethical concerns, it is necessary to promptly report any infractions to either the editors or the TSF Nexus Research Ethics Committee.
      • Ensuring equity and adherence to proper procedures while investigating ethical matters.

f)     Education and Awareness:

      • Conduct workshops and training programs focused on academic integrity and ethical principles.
      • Frequent changes about ethical guidelines and procedures.

Privacy Statement

The journal respects the privacy and ensures that the personal information of the author(s) is protected in line with the intellectual property and copyrights Ordinance 1962 and is applicable to all personal information of users who are using services through the website. This privacy policy excludes information provided to the staff of UMT journals and public information. Our journal highly encourages research ethics, including confidentiality, consent, transparency, and integrity (e.g. reporting standards, conflicts of interest, research funding, appeals, and complaints. The journal’s privacy policy aligns with the Committee on Public Ethics (COPE) code of conduct.

We collect personal information to communicate with you, to collect feedback about services, to inform you about the latest news and events related to the journal. We collect personal information such as name, email addresses, academic qualifications, professional affiliations, address, contact number, city, state, and country of residence, and information that user voluntarily provide through various forms given on the website. For browsing, viewing, and downloading articles on this website user is not required to provide any personal information.

The journal’s website users may opt for not sharing personal information i.e. quit using the Website. Some services compulsorily require submitting personal information. For example, an author's name is required when submitting a manuscript. The journal never shares personal information of site users collected on this website and retains personal information as long as it is relevant to our purpose or until you request to remove your information from your database. If any user wants to remove his/her personal information, he/she may contact at “Contact Us” page. The UMT journals may require no personal information which might include your gender, zip code, and date of birth, education, occupation, financial information, and interests. The journal uses your information to improve the quality of products and services, to keep our users up-to-date. We may combine personal information with other information when required.

You agree to the terms and conditions of the privacy policy by using the website. We may make changes in the privacy policy in the case of exceptional circumstances. We recommend that to check the privacy statement regularly to keep you updated about such changes. You have to exit the site immediately if you don’t agree to any terms and conditions of the privacy statement.

Policy on Harassment

TSF Journal of Biology clearly condemn of all forms of harassment. We also believe on right to work in a safe and harassment-free environment for all

To avoid any un pleasant environment we have a clear mechanism as listed below;

a)     Reporting Mechanism:

A confidential and easily accessible system for reporting incidents of harassment.
Complaints are directed to specified contacts or a committee responsible for managing harassment cases.

b)    Investigation Process:

      • Provide a comprehensive explanation of the investigation process, emphasizing the need of maintaining confidentiality and privacy.
      • Engaging external experts to ensure impartiality.


c)     Support and Protection:

      • Provision of resources to aid victims.
      • Strategies to mitigate and prevent harassment.

d)    Disciplinary Actions:

      • Disciplinary actions will be determined based on the severity of the harassment.
      • Possible steps may include imposing sanctions, issuing warnings, removing the individual from their current function, or pursuing legal consequences.

e)     Awareness and Training:

      • Consistent workshops and training initiatives focused on addressing harassment.
      • Prioritization of diversity, inclusivity, and respectful communication.

f)     Transparency and Accountability:

      • Make a public declaration of the policy against harassment.
      • Ensure consistent communication regarding the status and results of the investigation.

g)    Education and Training:

Conduct workshops and training programs focused on conflict of interest, disclosure, and effective management.

Accessibility Policy
The TSF Journal of Biology is dedicated to ensuring that our content is easily accessible to all readers, irrespective of their skills or circumstances. Our goal is to improve the accessibility of published research by adopting the Open Journal System (OJS). Journals post HTML versions, which are optimized for search engines, in addition to PDF ones. This strategy guarantees that published papers are readily accessible to all users. We encourage users to provide feedback regarding any accessibility issues they may encounter, as this allows us to make ongoing improvements to the accessibility of our platforms.

Digital Archiving Policy

In order to ensure the accessibility of published papers, TSF Journal of Biology maintains digital archives of all published material, which can be accessed by readers at any given moment. The publications regularly publish research articles on the internet and Preservation Networks (CLOCKS). Metadata is able to work well with repository services in order to enhance the preservation process. In addition, the TSF server consistently stores data linked to TSF Journals in its own archives. 

Articles Processing Charges (APC)

TSF Journal of Biology is free, It does not cost any article processing charges. As this journal is being published for the promotion of education, we have some donors on our platforms to help us financially.

Copyrights and Permissions

The primary focus of TSF Journal of Biology is to promote the dissemination of knowledge, encourage collaboration among researchers, and ensure the ethical and appropriate utilization of published content. In order to promote these objectives, TSF Journal of Biology publishes papers with particular licenses that outline the rights and permissions for readers, researchers, and the wider community to use, distribute, and expand upon the published material. The authors maintain the copyright of their work but provide TSF Journal of Biology with the permission to publish the article under a specific license.

a)     The Creative Commons Attribution License (CC By 4.0)

The TSF Journal of Biology publishes articles using Creative Commons (CC) licenses, which align with the open-access ideology that advocates for free access to scientific literature. The TSF Journal of Biology publishes articles that are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC By 4.0). This license permits anyone to share, remix, modify, and build upon the work, including for commercial reasons, as long as proper attribution is given to the original authors.

b)    Facilitating cooperation and the exchange of information

Authors that publish under Creative Commons licenses contribute to the widespread distribution of knowledge, enabling others to freely access, reuse, and expand upon their work. The TSF Journal of Biology's dedication to CC licensing is in line with the values of open science, fostering cooperation, innovation, and the progress of academic research.

Trial Registration

In order to promote transparency and minimize bias in clinical research, it is imperative for authors of clinical trials to register their studies in an officially recognized public database prior to recruiting subjects. The manuscript should include registration information, such as the study protocol and primary outcomes. Clinical trials must be registered in publicly accessible trial registries that are recognized by organizations such as the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) of the World Health Organization (WHO) or clinicaltrials.gov. Clinical trials conducted in Pakistan must comply with the norms and regulations established by the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) and other pertinent regulatory entities.