TSF JB Policies


About the Publisher

TSF Journal of Biology utilizes the Open Journal System (OJS) for manuscript publication, ensuring a seamless and user-friendly submission and evaluation process. We collaborate with a proficient Language Editing/Copy Editing team to enhance the quality of manuscripts, along with dedicated editors, and adhere to rigorous peer-review procedures to uphold high editorial standards. Our commitment to thorough peer review underscores our dedication to maintaining excellence in scholarly publishing.

Scope of the Journal

TSF Journal of Biology proudly operates under the umbrella of The Shagufta Foundation, dedicated to fostering excellence in the field of life sciences. As a leading institution committed to indigenous research, our journal aims to contribute significantly to the knowledge base. Emphasizing quality and ethical standards, TSF Journal of Biology aligns its objectives with the vision of The Shagufta Foundation, striving to make impactful contributions to the academic community. This policy outlines the overarching goals, content focus, and ethical standards that guide the operations of TSF Journal of Biology. It applies uniformly to the Editorial Teams, Editorial Board, Advisory Board, Review Board, Authors, and Readers involved in the journal’s activities.

Open Access Statement

TSF Journal of Biology adheres to an Open Access approach, meaning that articles published in the journals are freely available to readers without any access restrictions. While researchers are permitted to print online-published articles, the printing of full versions by organizations or publishers is strictly prohibited. Open access facilitates the accessibility of research findings to researchers, educators, policymakers, and the public, irrespective of geographical location or institutional affiliation.

Originality and Ethical Standards:

Maintaining the highest standards of research integrity, TSF Journal of Biology places a strong emphasis on the value of originality in all submitted articles. Authors are required to submit their own original work, ensuring it has not been published elsewhere or concurrently submitted for publication. Proper attribution and citation of any prior work influencing the research are encouraged. Any instances of plagiarism or inadequate citation will be treated seriously and may lead to the rejection of the submission. To uphold originality, TSF Journal of Biology employs advanced tools, including Turnitin, as part of its comprehensive evaluation process.

In line with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, TSF Journal of Biology adheres to the fundamental principle that originality is essential for credible and valuable research. Our commitment to ethical research practices, guided by COPE’s best practices, underscores our dedication to maintaining the integrity of academic publishing. TSF Journal of Biology aims to foster a research environment where originality is prioritized, contributing to the advancement of scholarly knowledge and the scientific community at large.

TSF Journal of Biology Author Contributions Policy

This policy aims to define authorship criteria, ensuring proper acknowledgment of individuals who significantly contribute to a research article accepted for publication in the TSF Journal of Biology. Authorship should reflect substantial involvement in the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the research study. Authors are encouraged to outline their specific roles and contributions using the CRediT system, promoting transparency and accountability. To uphold clear and transparent authorship standards, all authors are required to meet the following criteria:

  1. Substantial contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the work.
  2. Drafting or critically revising the article for intellectual content.
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work to ensure accuracy and integrity.

The authorship sequence should mirror the contributors’ relative contributions to the research study, with the main author, who made the most substantial contribution, listed first. Co-authors should follow in descending order based on their relative contributions. The designated corresponding author, responsible for communication with the journal and readers, should be clearly identified.

In the event of a conflict of interest regarding authorship, the journal’s Editor-in-Chief or a designated Senior Editor will facilitate discussions between involved parties. Authorship decisions will be made based on adherence to the criteria outlined in this policy, ensuring fair assessment of contributions and consultation with appropriate experts when needed.

Any alterations to authorship, including additions, deletions, or rearrangements after article submission, require written consent from all concerned authors. Changes should be promptly communicated to the journal’s editorial team, accompanied by a clear rationale. Such modifications, if necessary, will be communicated to the editorial team after the peer review process but before publication.

This policy outlines guidelines for affiliations in manuscripts submitted to TSF Journal of Biology, ensuring clarity and accuracy in the representation of authors’ institutional affiliations:

TSF Journal of Biology Affiliation Policy

This policy outlines guidelines for affiliations in
manuscripts submitted to TSF Journal of Biology, ensuring clarity and accuracy
in the representation of authors’ institutional affiliations:

1. Comprehensive Affiliation Listing:

   Corresponding authors are responsible for ensuring that all authors provide a comprehensive list of pertinent affiliations related to their research work.

2. Changes in Affiliation:

   If an author transfers from their current affiliated institution to another, they may update their affiliation before the manuscript’s publication. However, once the publishing process is initiated, affiliations will remain unchanged.

3. Order of Multiple Affiliations:

   Authors with multiple affiliations should indicate the order of their affiliations as primary, secondary, or tertiary institutions. However, the total number of affiliations at a time should not exceed ten.

4. Independent Researchers:

   Independent researchers should explicitly mention their independent status as part of their affiliation details.


This policy aims to maintain transparency and accuracy in representing authors’ affiliations, facilitating effective communication within the academic community and ensuring that the published work reflects the contributors’ current institutional associations appropriately.

TSF Journal of Biology Citation Guidelines

In alignment with ethical standards, TSF Journal of Biology adheres to comprehensive citation guidelines, following the principles set forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). These guidelines ensure accurate, ethical, and transparent citation practices among authors:

 1. Accurate and Complete Citations:


   – Authors must provide precise and comprehensive citations for all sources referenced in their research.

   – Include essential information, such as authors’ names, article titles, journal titles, publication years, volume numbers, and page numbers.

   – For online sources, include stable identifiers like DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) or URLs.

 2. Citing Previous Work Appropriately:


   – Acknowledge prior research works that have significantly influenced or contributed to the current

   – Properly cite both published and unpublished works with permission, demonstrating their impact on the research.

 3. Avoiding Plagiarism:


   – Authors must accurately attribute ideas, data, and words to their original sources.

   – Clearly indicate the original source for verbatim text using quotation marks and provide proper initial source information.

 4. Transparent Self-Citation:


   – Authors should avoid excessive or inappropriate self-citation, ensuring it is necessary for context or acknowledging previous related work.

   – Self-citations must adhere to the same standards of accuracy and completeness as citations to
other authors’ works.

 5. Correcting and Retracting Citations:


   – In case of errors or omissions in published articles, authors must promptly issue corrections or

   – Corrections should transparently communicate changes made to the original publication.

 6. Cross-Checking Citations:


   – Authors should cross-check references to ensure accuracy and reliability.

   – Follow proper citation formats (APA, AMA, IEEE, or Chicago style) based on the journal’s

 7. Citing Reliable Sources:


   – Cite peer-reviewed, credible, and reliable sources such as scholarly journals,
books, and conference proceedings.

 8. Adhering to Copyright Guidelines:


   – Respect copyright regulations and seek permission to reproduce copyrighted materials when


   – Authors retain the copyright to their work, granting TSF Journal of Biology the right to publish under a specified license. Proper attribution and citation are crucial for respecting creators’ rights and maintaining scholarly communication accuracy.

TSF Journal of Biology Conflict of Interest/Competing Interest Policy

Ensuring transparency, integrity, and unbiased decision-making in the publishing process is paramount. The following policy outlines the procedures for disclosure and management of potential or actual conflicts of interest at TSF Journal of Biology:

 1. Scope and Purpose:


   – This policy applies to all individuals involved in editorial roles, including editors, editorial board members, reviewers, authors, and staff associated with TSF Journal of Biology.

   – The purpose is to guarantee that any potential or actual conflict of interest is disclosed and managed to uphold objectivity, integrity, and unbiased decision-making.

 2. Areas of Disclosure:


   – Individuals involved in the publication process (authors, reviewers, editorial team) must disclose potential or actual conflicts in various areas:

      – Financial relationships (employment, consultancies, stock ownership, funding sources).

      – Personal relationships (familial or other personal connections with authors, reviewers, or editors).

      – Institutional affiliations or biases that may influence judgment.

      – Intellectual or professional conflicts that may impact objectivity.

 3. Editorial Board Conflicts:


   – Advisory board members and guest editors must disclose potential conflicts related to their roles.

   – Conflicts may lead to exclusion from decisions on relevant manuscripts.

 4. Disclosure Process:


   – Authors, reviewers, editors, and editorial board members are required to disclose conflicts.

   – Specific sections in manuscripts and disclosure statements ensure transparency.

 5. Handling Conflict of Interest:


   – Conflicts are considered during editorial decision-making.

   – Mitigation strategies include task refusal, alternative assignments, or seeking additional opinions.

   – Transparency is maintained by clearly indicating conflicts within published articles or on the journal’s website.

   – Confidentiality is strictly maintained within the editorial team.

 6. Continuous Monitoring and Improvement:


   – The policy undergoes periodic reviews to ensure alignment with industry best practices.

   – Upholding fairness, transparency, and the highest ethical standards, TSF Journal of Biology is committed to managing conflicts of interest effectively in scholarly publishing.

TSF Journal of Biology Author Appeals and Complaints Policy

 At TSF Journal of Biology, we recognize the importance of addressing authors’ concerns regarding editorial decisions or publication procedures. This policy outlines the procedure for authors wishing to appeal a decision or lodge a complaint:


 1. Scope and Grounds for Appeal:


   – Applicable to all authors submitting to TSF Journal of Biology.

   – Authors may appeal decisions based on issues such as inadequate peer review, unfair treatment, plagiarism allegations, procedural errors, or misapplication of journal guidelines.

 2. Appeal Process and Complaint Handling:


   – Authors must formally contact the editorial team within fifteen days of the decision, providing details of their appeal or complaint.

   – The Editor-in-Chief or designated Editor will review the appeal’s validity and determine the appropriate course of action.

   – An independent reviewer will be appointed for re-evaluation and investigation.

   – Outcomes may include upholding the original decision, nullifying the previous review, offering a revised submission opportunity, providing an apology, or taking other appropriate actions.

   – The final decision of the Editor-in-Chief cannot be challenged.

 3. Continuous Improvement:


   – All appeals and complaints are handled confidentially.

   – Reviewers are selected based on expertise and impartiality.

   – Personal information is treated in compliance with privacy laws.

   – This framework ensures timely and integral problem resolution, maintaining the reputation of the editorial process and journals.

At TSF Journal of Biology, we are committed to ensuring a fair and transparent appeal process that upholds the highest standards of academic integrity.

TSF Journal of Biology Corrections, Retractions, and Withdrawals Policy

At TSF Journal of Biology, we uphold the highest standards of integrity and transparency. Our policy for corrections, retractions, and withdrawals aligns with COPE guidelines and best practices in scholarly publishing:

 1. Corrections Policy


– Corrections are promptly addressed when errors, inaccuracies, or ambiguities are identified in published articles.

– Authors are encouraged to report errors promptly, and corrections will clearly indicate the nature of the mistake with accurate information for rectification.

– Published corrections, in the form of errata or corrigenda, will be prominently linked to the original article for reader visibility.

– Corrections will be prominently displayed on our website, and metadata updates will be made to reflect the corrections.


2. Retractions Policy:

– Retractions are issued when articles are found to be seriously flawed, contain fraudulent data, or involve ethical misconduct.

– A detailed explanation accompanies retractions, clearly stating the reasons and nature of the identified flaws or misconduct.

– Retracted articles are visibly labeled as such, with notices displayed prominently on the article page and a watermark indicating retracted status.

– Retracted articles remain accessible for transparency, with a full retraction notice displayed prominently.


3. Withdrawals Policy:

– Authors may request article withdrawals before publication, and such requests will be considered based on valid reasons, such as significant errors or unforeseen circumstances.

– Withdrawal requests are assessed based on the publication stage and impact on the scholarly record.

– Withdrawn articles are clearly labeled as withdrawn, applicable only for those with published abstracts, and notices are displayed on the journal’s website.


This policy ensures that our publications maintain the highest standards of accuracy and ethical conduct, and we are committed to promptly addressing any issues that may arise.

TSF Journal of Biology Research Misconduct Policy

Our commitment to upholding the highest ethical standards in research aligns with the guidelines set forth by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics). The TSF Journal of Biology Research Misconduct Policy addresses various forms of unethical research practices and ensures a robust framework for addressing and resolving allegations:

 1. Reporting Mechanism:


– A confidential and accessible reporting mechanism is in place for individuals to report suspected research misconduct.

– Prompt reporting is encouraged, and measures are taken to protect whistleblowers from retaliation.

 2. Preliminary Assessment:


– Conducting a preliminary assessment of reported misconduct to determine if further investigation is warranted.

– Assessing the credibility of allegations and the availability of evidence.

 3. Investigation Process:


– Unbiased investigation for substantiated allegations of research misconduct is conducted.

– An investigative committee, comprising experts in research integrity and ethical practices, is constituted.

– Ensuring confidentiality and impartiality throughout the investigation process.

 4. Investigation Findings and Outcomes:


– Communicating investigation findings and outcomes to relevant parties in a timely and transparent manner.

– Providing a clear rationale for decisions based on the evidence gathered during the investigation.

 5. Corrective Actions and Sanctions:


– Determining appropriate corrective actions and sanctions based on the severity and nature of research misconduct.

– Actions may include issuing formal corrections or retractions, publishing expressions of concern, notifying relevant institutions or funding bodies, and imposing publication bans.

 6. Appeals Process:


– Allowing accused individuals to appeal concerns or conflicts raised by the committee to the Rector regarding the investigation process or outcomes.

– Ensuring that the appeals process is fair, transparent, and conducted by independent individuals or committees.

 This policy underscores our dedication to maintaining the integrity of the research published in TSF Journal of Biology and addressing any instances of research misconduct with diligence and transparency.


TSF Journal of Biology Editors/Chief Editors Code of Conduct

1. Impartiality and Fairness:**

– Ensure fair and unbiased treatment of all submitted manuscripts regardless of authors’ backgrounds, affiliations, or personal conflicts.

– Base decisions solely on merit, considering quality, relevance, and contribution to the field.

– Avoid involvement in the decision-making process in case of conflicts of interest.

 2. Confidentiality and Privacy:


– Ensure confidentiality of manuscripts, maintaining the anonymity of authors and reviewers (except for the editorial team and individuals involved in the publication process).

3. Editorial Independence:


– Maintain editorial independence and integrity, ensuring the journal is free from undue interference from individuals, organizations, or commercial interests.

– Base decisions on academic and scientific principles, avoiding political, financial, or personal pressures.

 4. Transparency and Accountability:


– Provide clear and transparent guidelines to authors and reviewers on journal policies, submission processes, and peer review

– Communicate decisions to authors promptly, offering constructive feedback and clear explanations for any editorial rejections or modifications required.

– Address complaints, appeals, and concerns of authors and reviewers regarding the editorial process.

 5. Ethical Standards and Integrity:


– Uphold high ethical standards, promoting responsible conduct of research and publications.

– Vigilantly identify and address potential ethical issues, such as plagiarism, data fabrication, or conflicts of interest, following appropriate guidelines and procedures.

– Take appropriate actions, including corrections, retractions, or sanctions, when ethical misconduct is identified in published articles.

 6. Continuous Professional Development:**


– Stay updated with the latest developments in the field, maintaining professional competence through participation in relevant training, workshops, and conferences.

– Strive to improve the quality and impact of the journal by actively seeking and implementing best practices in scholarly publishing and editorial management.

 This Code of Conduct reinforces our commitment to maintaining the highest standards of editorial integrity, transparency, and ethical conduct in the TSF Journal of Biology.


TSF Journal of Biology Data Availability and Sharing Policy

1. Data Availability Statement:

– Authors may be requested to include a data availability statement in manuscripts.

– Clearly indicate if data will be openly available or under specific restrictions.

– Specify where openly available data can be accessed and provide justification for restricted data.

 2. Open Data:


– Encourage authors to make data openly available following FAIR principles.

– Deposit data in recognized and trusted repositories.

– Use data citation practices for proper attribution.

 3. Data Sharing Exceptions:


– Acknowledge legal or ethical restrictions where data sharing is prohibited.

– Provide a clear explanation for exceptions in the data availability statement.

 4. Data Access Requirements:


– Authors requested to provide metadata, documentation, or data access agreements for restricted data.

– Encourage detailed descriptions of data collection, processing, and analysis methodologies.

5. Reproducibility and Validation:


– Require reproducibility by encouraging authors to share necessary data and code.

– Authors to provide information on data validation processes and potential limitations.

 6. Compliance Monitoring:


– Ensure authors’ compliance with data availability and sharing policies.


– Reviewers and editors responsible for monitoring compliance.

Use of Figures, Tables, and Images in Articles

1. Copyright Compliance:

– Adhere to copyright laws and obtain permission for
copyrighted material.

– Properly cite copyright material used in the manuscript.

 2. Originality and Authenticity:

– Ensure original, authentic, and accurate presentation of data, tables, images, and figures.


– Disclose and justify any modifications made to figures, images, and tables.

 3. Clarity and Appropriateness:


– Ensure relevance of tables and figures to the manuscript.

– Number tables/figures in chronological order with appropriate titles.

– Maintain clarity with proper labels and presentation.

 4. Ethical Use of Images:


– Obtain consent from identifiable research participants in photographs.

– Avoid the use of offensive, discriminatory, or inappropriate images.

 5. Quality and Resolution:


– Provide high-quality images with sufficient resolution for

– Avoid low-resolution images compromising content

 6. Consistency and Formatting:


– Follow journal guidelines and formatting requirements.

– Maintain consistent formatting for a cohesive appearance.

 7. Permissions and Citations:



– Provide appropriate permissions and citations for external
images, tables, and figures.

Plagiarism Policy

– Uphold originality in submitted articles.

– Adhere to plagiarism guidelines by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.


– Utilize plagiarism detection tools and thorough editorial review processes.

Peer Review Policy

– Follow double-blind peer review for objectivity.

– Peer reviewers evaluate adherence to reporting guidelines and technical correctness.


– Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts at any stage.

Research Ethics Guidelines

1. Objective and Scope:

– Commitment to upholding the highest ethical standards in research and publication.

 2. Ethical Guidelines for Authors:


– Adherence to ethical principles in research.

– Ensure informed consent, confidentiality, and proper data handling.

– Approval from appropriate review boards for human and animal studies.

 3. Peer Review Process:


– Fair and unbiased evaluations by reviewers.

– Constructive feedback and identification of ethical concerns.

 4. Editorial Responsibilities:


– Editors ensure ethical conduct.

– Editorial team handles allegations of misconduct.

 5. Compliance with Ethical Standards:


– Authors comply with ethical standards, guidelines, and regulations.

– Provide details of ethical considerations and approvals in manuscripts.

 6. Reporting and Investigation of Ethical Concerns:


– Report violations to editors or UMT Research Ethics Committee.

– Fairness and due process in investigating ethical issues.

 7. Education and Awareness:


– Workshops and training programs on academic integrity and ethical guidelines.


– Regular updates on ethical guidelines and practices.

Harassment Policy

– Clear condemnation of all forms of harassment.

– Right to work in a safe and harassment-free environment for all involved.

 1. Reporting Mechanism:


– Confidential and accessible reporting mechanism for harassment.

– Complaints forwarded to designated contacts or a harassment handling committee.

 2. Investigation Process:


– Overview of investigation process ensuring confidentiality and privacy.

– Involvement of external experts for objectivity.

 3. Support and Protection:


– Access to resources for victims.

– Protective measures to prevent harassment.

 4. Disciplinary Actions:


– Disciplinary actions based on severity of harassment.

– Actions may include sanctions, warnings, removal from roles, or legal consequences.

 5. Awareness and Training:


– Regular workshops and training programs on harassment.

– Emphasis on diversity, inclusion, and respectful communication.

 6. Transparency and Accountability:


– Publicly state harassment policy.

– Provide regular updates on investigation progress and outcomes.

 7. Education and Training:



– Workshops and training programs on conflict of interest, disclosure, and proper management.

Accessibility Policy

TSF Journal of Biology is committed to ensuring that our content is accessible to all readers, regardless of their abilities or circumstances. We strive to enhance the accessibility of published research work by utilizing the Open Journal System (OJS). In this regard, journals upload HTML versions, optimized for search engines, along with PDF versions. This approach ensures that published articles are easily accessible to all users. We welcome feedback from users to address any accessibility concerns and continuously improve the accessibility of our platforms.

Accessibility Policy

TSF Journal of Biology is committed to ensuring that our content is accessible to all readers, regardless of their abilities or circumstances. We strive to enhance the accessibility of published research work by utilizing the Open Journal System (OJS). In this regard, journals upload HTML versions, optimized for search engines, along with PDF versions. This approach ensures that published articles are easily accessible to all users. We welcome feedback from users to address any accessibility concerns and continuously improve the accessibility of our platforms.

Digital Archiving Policy

To guarantee the availability of published articles, TSF Journal of Biology maintains digital archives of published material, accessible to readers at any time. The journals archive research articles on the internet and Preservation Networks (CLOCKS) regularly. Metadata is compatible with repository services for better preservation. Additionally, the TSF server regularly self-archives data associated with TSF Journals.

Articles Processing Charges (APC)

TSF Journal of Biology is free, It does not cost any article processing charges. 

Copyrights and Permissions

TSF Journal of Biology is dedicated to fostering knowledge sharing, collaboration, and responsible use of published content. To facilitate these principles, TSF Journal of Biology publishes articles under specific licenses that define how readers, researchers, and the broader community can use, share, and build upon the published work. Authors retain the copyright to their work while granting TSF Journal of Biology the right to publish the article under a specified license.

 1. Creative Commons Attribution License (CC By 4.0)


 TSF Journal of Biology publishes articles under Creative Commons (CC) licenses, embracing the open-access philosophy that promotes unrestricted access to scholarly content. All articles published by TSF journal of Biology is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC By 4.0) which allows others to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the work, even for commercial purposes, provided proper attribution is given to the original authors.


 2. Promoting Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing

By publishing under CC licenses, authors contribute to disseminating knowledge, allowing others to access, reuse, and build upon their work freely. TSF Journal of Biology’s commitment to CC licenses aligns with the principles of open science, encouraging collaboration, innovation, and the advancement of scholarship.

Trial Registration

To enhance transparency and reduce bias in clinical research, authors of clinical trials must register their problems in a recognized public database before enrolling participants. Registration information, including the trial protocol and primary outcomes, should be provided within the manuscript. Clinical trials must be registered in public, accessible trial registries recognized by organizations such as WHO’s International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) or clinicaltrials.gov. Clinical trials conducted in Pakistan must adhere to the guidelines and regulations set forth by the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) and other relevant regulatory bodies.